Visit Qingshuihe ancient stage

2015年05月02日 20:11:18
Qingshuihe County is located in the south of Hohhot. In the East and south, it is bounded by the great wall of Ming Dynasty and Pinglu District of Shuozhou City and Pianguan County of Xinzhou City, Shanxi Province; in the west, it faces Zhungeer banner of Ordos City across the Yellow River; in the northwest, it is connected with Tuoketuo County; in the north, it is adjacent to Helingeer County and Guli Banji river. Qingshuihe County has a close historical relationship with the Yellow River. The ancient stage of Ming and Qing Dynasties in Qingshuihe County is located along the Yellow River and the Great Wall. The six ancient stages in Qingshuihe County are Qingquan Temple stage of Ming Dynasty, Fulong Temple stage of shuimen tower of Qing Dynasty, laoniuwan stage of Qing Dynasty, liuqinghe stage of Qing Dynasty, Yushuwan stage of Qing Dynasty and shangchengwan stage of Qing Dynasty. These ancient stages are one of the few preserved in Inner Mongolia It represents the architectural features of ancient theatres along the Yellow River and the Great Wall in the north. " This is the assessment of the relevant cultural relics experts in our district. Stage 1: Qingquan Temple stage of Ming Dynasty in kouzishang village, Beibao Township, is located on the gentle slope of the northern foot of Lamma Jiao mountain in kouzishang village, Beibao Township, Qingshuihe County. The magnificent inner and outer Great Wall of Ming Dynasty just meet here, with overlapping peaks and mountains, numerous beacon trees and verdant trees. The stage is located in the north and south, with its back to the deep ditch. It rises from the ground, and is magnificent against the Great Wall. Qingquan Temple stage was built in Chongzhen period of Ming Dynasty. In the 13th year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty, the villagers under the jurisdiction of wuyanjingbao also raised money for reconstruction. Because there was a Qingquan temple on the opposite side of the stage, it was called Qingquan Temple stage. The stage is of brick, wood and stone structure, which is composed of platform base, platform body, platform top and stage platform. It covers an area of 572 square meters, of which the construction area of the stage is 72 square meters, and the viewing platform is 500 square meters. The overall position is rectangular. Stage 2: shuimen pagoda stage of Fulong temple in Qing Dynasty (formerly Fulong Temple) is located on the platform at the junction of yangjiachuan River and shuimen Tagou in the south of shuimen pagoda village, dantaizi Township, Qingshuihe County. It faces the cliff in the East, yangjiachuan deep stream in the South and the great wall of Ming Dynasty. It faces the Yellow River in the west, with its back on salon and eshu. The mountains inside and outside are like flocks of oxen rushing to drink. Since ancient times, it has been said that Fulong lies in tiger, so it is named Fulong temple. Shuimen pagoda temple was built in the 15th year of Qianlong reign in Qing Dynasty. It was destroyed by wars several times in history, and rebuilt and expanded into a temple in the 25th to 26th year of Qianlong reign. In the sixth year of Qing Dynasty, a stage was built on the left side of the temple gate. Due to the remote and closed location of the stage temples, they were not damaged during the cultural revolution and are now well preserved. The construction area of the stage is 59.29 square meters (269.18 square meters for temples and other ancillary buildings, with a total construction area of 329.47 square meters and an area of 1845 square meters). It's a platform.

the stage building is located in the South and faces the north. It is of brick, wood and stone structure. The roof is of the roll shed top hard mountain type, with square carved bricks on the vertical ridge, and the top is connected with the tube tile and the anxihu. In addition, the Fulong temple and its affiliated buildings, with ridges hanging and animals kissing, carved beams and painted buildings, bell and drum pavilions, stone buildings and inscriptions, are well preserved. It is a large theater temple complex at the foot of the great wall of the Ming Dynasty. Stage 3: laoniuwan stage of Qing Dynasty is located on the Bank of the Yellow River in the north of laoniuwanxia village, dantaizi Township, Qingshuihe County. It is adjacent to the Yellow River in the west, cliff in the East and gully rock in the south. A waterfall falls down from a concave part of the wall, spring splashes and gushes, surrounded by ancient trees. The environment is very beautiful. According to the inscription, laoniuwan stage was built in the second year of Xianfeng in Qing Dynasty, and was repaired twice in the fourth year of Guangxu in Qing Dynasty. The building area is 83.09 square meters (the building area of the temple is 77.52 square meters, and the total building area is 160.69 square meters). )

the stage is located in the South and North, opposite to the temple. The building is of brick, wood and stone structure, and the roof is of roll shed top hard hill type. Vertical ridge construction square carved brick, top buckle tube tile, anxihu. The front eaves of laoniuwan stage are carved with Yunlong flower teeth, the lotus seat between the pillars is carved with cloud pattern, and the bucket arch is paved. The inner eaves are carved with water chestnut teeth and the inner hall screen frame. The carving and decoration art is particularly exquisite and exquisite, and it is still vivid after several hundred years. It is the most representative and valuable ancient stage in the Qing Dynasty along the Yellow River. Stage 4: liuqinghe stage in Qing Dynasty is located in liuqinghe village, YAOGOU Township, Qingshuihe County. Facing the Yellow River in the west, mountains in the north and Liuqing River Ditch in the East, a wooden stone arch bridge is erected on the river ditch, connecting the two temples in the East and the West. The River Ditch springs flow southward, and the willows, apricots and apricots are luxuriant around. Liuqinghe stage was built in the second year of Qianlong in Qing Dynasty, and it was continued in the 15th year of Qianlong. The stage is west to East, backed by the Yellow River and facing the cliff. The stage is of brick, wood and stone structure. The roof is a roll shed with a hard hill top. The ridge is carved with tiles, and the top is buckled with tubular tiles and installed with a kiss beast.

 

the interior partition fan of liuqinghe stage has been lost. The interior beams and eaves are painted with blue and blue, and the columns are painted with red. The colors are bright and rich, and the contrast is strong. On the back wall of the stage, the arched window sashes are opened on the left and right, and the single wooden window is inlaid in the outer brick cover to play the role of ventilation, lighting and decoration.

the unique feature of liuqinghe stage lies in the setting of railings at the entrance of the stage, so that the stage can be isolated from the periphery. The advantage of this design is that the protective isolation board can be opened during the performance. After the performance, the protective isolation board can be installed and sealed. One is for the beautiful decoration of the stage, the other is for fire prevention, anti-theft and preventing wind and rain from eroding the stage. Stage 5: Yushuwan stage of Qing Dynasty Yushuwan stage is located on the Bank of the Yellow River in dayayushuwan Town, Lamawan Town, Qingshuihe County, adjacent to the Yellow River in the west, surrounded by mountains in the East, and facing the Yiqing Yellow River Bridge in the north. Yushuwan stage was built in June of the 10th year of Tongzhi in the Qing Dynasty. In the early days of liberation, it was partially repaired. During the repair, the original front eaves plank was replaced and changed into rafter flying eaves. The stage is built in the South and faces the north. The base of the stage is built with stones and filled with lime mortar. The height of the stage is 1.6 meters. The width and depth of the stage are 9.58 meters and the area of the stage is 90.7 square meters. Stage 6: shangchengwan Qing Dynasty stage has collapsed. As a cultural site, it is a sad thing in the cultural circle. Shangchengwan stage is located on the platform of Dongshan cliff in shangchengwan village, wangguiyao Township, Qingshuihe County, overlooking the Yellow River.

           

the Chinese nation has a 5000 year history of civilization and splendid cultural and artistic treasures. As early as seven or eight thousand years ago, there were independent ground buildings in China. Ancient Chinese buildings have been developing and improving along their own track, forming a unique national style and characteristics. Hu Hanguang, deputy director of the Bureau of culture and sports of Qingshuihe County, believes that the ancient stage of Ming and Qing Dynasties in Qingshuihe County embodies three characteristics of ancient Chinese architecture. First, it has the characteristics of "the walls fall down and the houses don't collapse". The second is to make use of the characteristics of Dou Gong and que ti. The construction methods of the Ming and Qing ancient stage in Qingshui River make full use of the Dou Gong and que Ti, the rafters of kouzhishangcun stage and Yushuwan stage fly out of the eaves, the animal shape, carved wood for the purlin of laoniuwan stage, the rhombic horn teeth and the large-sized through carved Yunlong flower tooth que ti on the lower side of purlin, the lotus leaf frame under the purlin of Yushuwan stage, and the pattern between the columns are used to solve the problems between the beams and columns In addition, it greatly enriched the decorative effect of the column head, beam, brace, purlin and other parts, making the structure of the ancient stage more reasonable and the appearance more magnificent. The third is the characteristics of high platform foundation and large roof. The facade of ancient Chinese architecture is mainly composed of three parts: platform, body and roof. The architectural structure of the ancient stage along the great wall and along the Yellow River uses the construction method of high platform foundation and large roof. Hu Hanguang believes that the architectural structure of the Ming and Qing Dynasties ancient stage in Qingshui River reflects the characteristics of the decoration and decoration of ancient buildings in China, that is, flexible space and diverse style. Architecture is not only the production of objects, but also the production of culture. As the ancient stage along the great wall and the Yellow River, Qingshuihe County's Ming and Qing Dynasty ancient stage not only embodies its unique historical value, but also reflects the rich, natural and implicit aesthetic characteristics of ancient buildings in China from the perspective of Chinese architectural art .

most of the ancient theatres in Qing Dynasty are located on the Bank of the Yellow River, with steep cliffs, gentle slopes and gullies. The ancient stage (Temple) architecture in Qing Dynasty, either built on the cliff, or hidden under the cliff, made use of the terrain and environment to blend harmoniously, or covered its secluded by forest, or strengthened its momentum by mountain, or showed its posture by water, formed a unique style of natural combination of landscape and architecture. It makes people not only feel the simple beauty of nature, but also appreciate the colorful opera art.