I. what to do in case of heavy rain? if the rainstorm continues, it is necessary to prepare for flood control in advance. (1) the low-lying residential and commercial areas can be enclosed. If sandbags, straw bags and baffle boards are used to block the entrance, the rainwater can be effectively prevented from entering the building. (2) Don't throw rubbish and sundries into the sewer to prevent poor drainage after blocking. (3) Once the house is flooded, cut off the power and gas supply immediately. (4) Try not to go out during the rainstorm. If you have to go out, avoid the place with serious water. It's best to walk in the middle, because inspection wells are usually set at the roadside. (2) what to do when you are outdoors in a rainstorm. Mountains and valleys are not places to avoid disasters. (1) whether it is in a dangerous house, under a dangerous wall or on a dangerous bridge, it must be transferred in time. (2) Do not stay on the river embankment and reservoir dam for a long time, so as to avoid the flood breaking the dam. (3) It can't stay at the foot of the mountain or on the hillside for a long time, because torrential rain is easy to cause mountain torrents, debris flows and landslides. (4) Rainstorm is easy to cause cave collapse, so do not shelter in the cave. (5) When it rains heavily, don't walk or stay in rivers, valleys and depressions, because this is often the first place where the flood reaches. (6) Never climb the pole to avoid electric shock. (7) To quickly run to high slopes and heights, or climb to the tree, if it is too late, you should immediately fix yourself on the trunk with your waist or hold the tree, so as to avoid being washed away by the flood when you are tired. (8) The rainstorm may cause flood, so all measures should be taken to avoid falling into the water.
3. How to choose the temporary life-saving articles when the flood comes, we should choose all the life-saving articles to escape. (1) first pick large containers, such as oil bucket, water storage bucket, etc. After pouring out the original liquid quickly, close and seal the cover again. (2) Empty beverage bottles, wooden wine barrels or plastic barrels all have certain buoyancy and can be bundled together for emergency. (3) The buoyancy of football, basketball and volleyball is very good. (4) Wood furniture, such as trees, tables, chairs, benches and cabinets, has buoyancy. (4) what safety measures should be taken when the flood is imminent; (1) follow the unified arrangement of towns and villages, prepare for flood control or transfer to safe areas in advance. (2) When receiving the warning of flood disaster, we should take action in time, carefully check whether various preventive measures are implemented, find hidden dangers and rectify them in time. (3) We should dredge the drainage ditch of the residence in advance, and build flood retaining dam, cofferdam and other waterproof facilities around the courtyard and buildings. (4) Properly arrange and keep valuables at home. (5) When leaving the residence, cut off water, electricity and gas, and lock the door. How to keep valuables? If possible, valuables should be kept properly before the flood to reduce the loss. (1) valuables that are inconvenient to carry can be tied firmly after waterproof treatment, buried underground or placed high, and carefully remember. (2) A small amount of money and jewelry can be sewn in clothes. (3) If conditions permit, do a good job in the house property anti-theft treatment. (4) Don't move color TV sets, refrigerators, livestock and other hard to carry property. (5) In case of emergency, give up everything and escape quickly. 6. How to prevent the flood from flowing into the room? (1) the door and window of the house are the water inlet parts. Use sandbags and earth bags to build defense lines at the threshold and windows. (2) Use adhesive tape to seal all the gaps of doors and windows. You can seal several more layers. (3) Rat holes, drainage holes and other places where water may enter should be blocked. A building that is really sealed will not be flooded. (4) Don't forget that any place that may enter the water, if it fails, it will have to pay a price.
7. How to make a self-made floating raft to escape? taking the correct binding method can make the floating objects withstand the wind and waves. (1) wooden pots, wooden furniture, wooden blocks and floating materials can be collected and tied together with ropes to be processed into life-saving equipment in case of urgent need. (2) There is no ready-made rope, you can tear the sheets, curtains, clothes into strips. (3) small floating raft such as foam board and wooden board can be tied up by backpacking to increase floating force. (4) Straws, branches, bamboo poles and wooden poles can be connected in series to form rafts. 8. What to do when there is no time to transfer in case of flood. (1) moved to a higher place. For example, build temporary tents on the roof with solid foundation. (2) When you are in a dangerous house, you should evacuate quickly and find a safe and solid place to avoid falling into the water. (3) Don't move until the water stops rising, unless the water may break the building or the water is above the roof. (4) Tie wood rafts and other escape supplies. Use communication facilities to contact rescue. Glasses and mirrors can be used to reflect and send out distress signals under the sunlight. (5) At night, the use of flashlights and fire signals for help. (6) When rescuers are found, they should wave bright clothes, red scarf and other items in time to send out rescue signals. (7) Don't go into the water easily until you have to.
. (1) if many people fall into the water at the same time, they can hold hands and resist the flood together. (2) When you fall into the water, hold your breath and hold your nose to avoid choking. Try to stand up. Put your head out of the water to adjust your breathing. Take off your shoes in time to reduce resistance. (3) If the water is too deep to stand up and swim to the shore quickly, step on the water to help. Grab anything floating around you. (4) If you can swim, swim to the nearest and easy landing shore. If you don't know how to swim, don't panic. You can act in the following two ways: first, face up, head back, feet alternately step down the water, palm slap the water surface, let the mouth out of the water, and breathe in immediately after exhaling. Second, quickly observe whether there are fixed objects out of the water around, and disturb them. (5) When you are floating in high waves, don't make unnecessary struggles, and save your physical strength as much as possible. Avoid heavy objects that may endanger the body such as whirlpool and stones in the water in time. (6) Find and grasp floating wooden poles, straws, furniture, etc. as life-saving items. (7) If you find trees, dams, banks and other Highlands, you should try every means to get close to them. (1) cramps are mainly located in legs and feet, which are difficult to recover naturally. When you have a cramp in the water, don't panic. You should float on your back, stretch your cramped muscles, and then use another swimming style to return to the shore. (2) If it's a cramp in the foot, grab the toe and pull it toward the tibia and keep pressing the heel. (3) If your big foot cramps, bend your knees and stretch your thighs forward. (4) When the flexion and extension are invalid, the hand should be massaged vigorously, and the method of pulling and breaking should be adopted to recover. When the cramp stops, rub it with your fingers until the stiffness disappears.
. (1) when trapped, it is necessary to pay attention to whether the house may collapse after being soaked by flood. If it may collapse, it should be transferred to a safe place immediately. (2) In case of hunger and thirst, young and middle-aged people with good water quality and good health should be selected to return to their food and clean drinking water. (3) Take good care of the communication tools and contact the rescue department in time for help. (4) Use fire, smoke, shouting and waving bright clothes and other rescue methods, so that search and rescue personnel can find and get help. (5) Don't go back to your home to get food and property when the flood is surging and rising.
. (1) In thunder and lightning weather, close the doors and windows of your home to prevent thunder and lightning from invading your home. (2) Cut off all the power and unplug the phone. (3) Keep away from metal pipes, such as gas and water pipes. (4) Don't shower with a shower head to avoid conductive water flow. (5) Don't stand on balconies, platforms and roofs. (6) Don't watch TV. (7) Do not use or repair all kinds of electrical appliances. (8) I can't answer or make calls.
13. How to avoid lightning strike outdoors ? (1 ) keep away from water pipes, gas pipes and other metal objects and electrical equipment outside the building. (2) Don't walk with an umbrella. Don't hold objects over your head. (3) Don't play, kick, bike or run. (4) Don't take shelter from the rain under trees, or hide in isolated huts. (5) It is safe to hide in ditches, depressions and other places below the ground. (6) When the thunder starts, get down on the ground and remove all the metal accessories. (7) It's also very dangerous to ride small farm vehicles. (8) It's dangerous to run in the rain. People in the wilderness are most likely to be hit by lightning.
14. What is the correct posture when lightning strikes? correct posture can protect life and avoid lightning strike. (1) in case of lightning, hold your knees with both hands and squat down, try to lower your head, and be careful not to touch the ground with your hands. (2) When there is no time to leave tall objects, should immediately use dry insulator on the ground, feet should not be placed outside the insulating objects. (3) Do not walk hand in hand. There should be a certain distance between people to avoid conducting electricity. (4) When he saw that the high-voltage line was broken by lightning, he immediately put his feet together and jumped away from the scene. (5) Do not stride, try to reduce the body volume and touchdown area.